Anacardium excelsum – Espavé

Anacardium excelsum – Espavé

The trees are reported to reach heights of 23 to 30 m, with trunk diameters ranging from 75 to 90 cm. Trees up to 45 m and 150 cm of diameter have also been reported. 

Wood diffuses porous. Vessels solitary and in short radial multiples.

From southern Honduras south to Ecuador and east to Venezuela.

General wood description

It has no characteristic odor or taste.

The sapwood is a pale brown color. The heartwood gradually changes into a yellowish red color.

The wood has straight to interlocked grain. The wood presents attractive vessel lines.

The texture is medium to coarse.

The wood has medium to high luster.

Its resistance to decay varies with type of fungus. Seasoned wood resists termite attack, probably because of gums and oils in the wood which are toxic to insects, but not to humans.

Very high durability.

This species is reported to have high silica contents which has a moderate blunting effect on the cutting tools.

Heartwood penetration is irregular, but the sapwood is easily treatable.

Common names

Costa Rica: Quina, Pomme caju, Mijagao, Maranon, Hoobodia, Espave, E. Rosado, Cajueiro do campos, Caju do campo, Caju da Malta, Cajou, Cajarana, Bouchi-caju, Espavé.

Cuba: Nariz.

Venezuela: Mija, Caracoli, Caracolí, Espavel Rosado, Mijao.

Ecuador: Caracoli, Caracolí, Marañón.

Colombia: Aspave, Caracolí, Caracoli.

Brasil: Cajuhy, Cashu, Caju Da Mata, Caju Assu, Espavel Amarillo, Cahu, Cajuvana, Cajueiro Do Campo.

Panamá: Marañón De Montaña, Espavé

Guyana: Caschou

Referenced uses

Housing general

  • Beams
  • Joists
  • Boards
  • Frames
  • Steps
  • Fittings
  • Shutter
  • Boards

Furniture and cabinets

  • Common furniture
  • Cabinets

Plywood and veneer

  • Decorative veneer


  • Turned furniture
  • Cutlery


  • Tool handles
  • Agricultural tools


  • Light packing
  • Pallets

Other and musical instruments

  • Door core
  • Cementboard
  • Scale model

300 metros al norte de la plaza de deportes,
Los Angeles de la Fortuna,
Provincia de Alajuela,
San Carlos, Costa Rica.
CP 21007